First, the judge works by comparing each dog to the official standard described for the ideal individual of this breed. These standards, which describe morphology and temperament, are established by the large breeder associations (Federation Cynologique Internationale, American Kennel Club, etc.). Among all the dogs presented, the judge selects those that most closely match their respective standards.
However, when judging dogs against a standard, different judges classify the same dogs differently. This is due to the fact that several factors come into play, such as the individual factor of the judge, that is, his personal interpretation of it in relation to the standard, based on his experience, his preferences and the importance given to certain criteria with respect to others, or the individual factor that results from the couple formed by the dog and its owner. In addition, animals are not always in the same state of health, the external temperature can affect more certain breeds, etc.
It is often useful to observe the judge before the presentation, in order to better understand your preferences and expectations. In any case, the result must be correctly accepted at the end of the contest even when the expected classification is not obtained.
The parameters that are used to define the quality of a dog in general are:
- The Typification , that is, all the characteristics that make up the difference with the other races.
- The Harmony , the Balance. For example, a head can be very beautiful but not correspond to the volume required by the race, in relation to the body.
- The Personality . Character is essential. If you are shy, aggressive, or lazy, you will not be able to perform the task reserved for you.
- The Structure . It is extremely important that the dog has a correct skeleton and muscle mass. These characteristics are carefully examined, both when the animal is still and when it moves (gait, trot).
- The general Presentation of the dog, hairs, weight, grooming, cleaning.
The definition of a "good" dog could be: presenting the greatest number of characteristics common to its sex and breed, as well as having a correct temperament, a presentation and training condition sufficient to show its qualities quickly.
- EXCELLENT : it will be awarded if it is very close to the standard and is presented in perfect condition, having a harmonious, balanced, classy and brilliant trot set. The superiority of its qualities will dominate its small imperfections but will possess the characteristics of its sex.
- MUY BUENO: solo se otorgará a los ejemplares que se ajusten al tipo equilibrado en sus proporciones y estén en buenas condiciones fisicas. Les serán tolerados algunos defectos de menor importancia, pero no morfológicos.
- GOOD : it must be attributed to the specimens that possess the characteristics of the breed, but accusing defects, provided that these are not hereditary.
- SUFFICIENT : it will be for the specimens that conform to the type but without notable qualities or that are not in perfect physical condition.
- DISQUALIFIED : must be given to a dog that does not correspond to the type required by the standard, that exhibits behavior clearly different from the standard or has aggressive behavior, that has testicular abnormalities, that has dental defects or abnormalities jaws, that show an imperfection of color and / or coat or that clearly show signs of albinism. This qualification will also be given to dogs that hardly correspond to a single characteristic of the breed, so that their health is threatened. It must also be awarded to dogs that present elimination faults in relation to the breed standard.
- To the winners of the open class, if the Judge deems it convenient, the C.A.C. will be awarded. In international exhibitions, the C.A.C.I.B. may also be awarded. The C.A.C.I.B and the C.A.C cannot be awarded to anything other than a top notch dog among the excellent. The second copy can be granted the C.A.C. Reserve and C.A.C.I.B. Reserve. It is not mandatory to grant the C.A.C , C.A.C.I.B or your reservations. They can be perfectly deserted.
To the winners of the open class, if the Judge deems it appropriate, the C.A.C. will be awarded. In international exhibitions, the C.A.C.I.B. may also be awarded. The C.A.C.I.B and the C.A.C cannot be awarded to anything other than a top notch dog among the excellent. The second copy can be granted the C.A.C. Reserve and C.A.C.I.B. Reserve. It is not mandatory to grant the C.A.C , C.A.C.I.B or your reservations. They can be perfectly deserted.