Source: Royal Canin Dog Encyclopedia
Poise is the direction of the limbs relative to a horizontal floor. The poles have a marked influence on the dorsal line and, therefore, on the general contribution of the dog as well as on its maximum potential for sports disciplines. They determine a good lift, as well as a good distribution of weight on your joints and feet. In general, for a member's poise to be correct, its guiding axis must be vertical. A deviation from the vertical supposes an overload of the joints and the plantar surface (on the deviation side) and therefore premature fatigue of those joints, tendons and different ligaments.
When a dog is planted, the thoracolumbar line sinks or burdens, and the back then takes an oblique position. If its forelimbs sink as well, it is called saddled. In a tucked dog, the back is curved and the back curves upward. The bow-legged condition [drawing as -> ') ('] is frequent in the hind limbs, as it is a natural tendency. On the contrary, the bowed or stellate condition [drawing as -> '()'] is a most serious defect.
- Regular poise
- Underneath or tucked
- Planted in front
- Arch of carpus
- Carpal flap
- Long standing page
- Stoppage of pastries
- Underneath or tucked behind
- Planted from behind
- Hock standing
- Hock sitting
Aplombs in the Forelimbs
Lateral or profile view : (See images 1 and 2) The vertical that descends from the midpoint of the arm passes through the middle of the foot and is tangential to the wrist (anterior aspect of the carpus). If he falls in front of the mid-point of the foot, the dog is below him or tucked, if he falls behind he is planted. If the carpus is behind this line, the dog is called a curl, while if it is ahead, it is arched and the animal is short-billed. If this vertical falls far from the pads, the dog is long in pages (by the page it is understood the part of the extremities between the fetlock and the crown of the helmet in which the first phalanx is found), while if it touches them, he says standing on the page.
Aplomos in the rear limbs
Lateral or profile view : (See images 1 and 3) The reed must be perpendicular to the ground and the vertical that descends from the hip joint must pass through the middle of the foot.
1 - Regular aplomb
2 - Bowlegged[) (]
3 - Estevados [()]
4 - Closed from the front
5 - Open from the back
6 - Barrel raised feet
7 - Bowlegged [) (] of feet
Front view : The vertical part of the tip of the shoulder should divide the forearm, carpus, cane and foot equally. The two members should be on planes as parallel as possible.
Arched inward or steep [‘()’] : The carpus and elbows are deflected outward, the canes and feet inward.
Arched to the outside, left or bowlegged [') (']: The elbows are close to the body, while the reeds and feet are outward. '] and bowlegged [') ('] can start at any level of the limb.
Closed or open from the front: The forelimbs are oblique and converge or diverge towards their ends. It should not be confused with narrow or wide, a situation in which both limbs are parallel but are little or very far apart. If only the carpus are inward, it is spoken of closed knees or "ox knees", while if they are curved out of the line of poise, the dog is said to be hollow. The legs are said to be lyre-shaped when they have a convexity to the outside.
1 - Regular Feet
2 - Closed from behind
3 - Open back
4 - Patizambos [) (]
5 - Estevados [()]
6 - Closed-legged hocks [) (] of feet
7 - Steep arched hocks [()] of hocks
Underneath or tucked behind: The member as a whole is ahead of that line. If it is behind, the dog is planted, which is not really a defect, since it is a more or less natural position. If the hock-leg joint is too closed, this refers to an angled hock or a sitting hock dog; in the opposite case, a right hock or a hock or standing hock.
View from behind: The vertical line that passes through the tip of the buttock and the tip of the hock divides the rod into equal parts. The dog may be too closed or too open, which is determined by the convergence or divergence of both limbs. Do not confuse these conditions with those of dogs that are too narrow or too wide.
When the limb undergoes an outward rotation from the hip joint, a bowlegged or left limb is obtained. This is accompanied by diverging knees and feet, while the tips of the hocks converge. If the rotation takes place inward, it is an inward hollow, posterior steep [‘()’] or hock hollow. The knees and the ends of the feet converge, while the tips of the hocks diverge.